Orthopaedics - WREX.com – Rockford’s News Leader

Orthopaedics

Diseases and Injuries of Bones and Joints

Musculoskeletal disorders, such as arthritis, osteoporosis, sports, and road related trauma, and falls are among the most common conditions and reasons for visiting an Orthopaedic professional.

They can lead to time away from school and work and chronic pain and disability later in life.

Many of these conditions can be prevented and measures taken to decrease their chance of occurrence.

Please contact us if you have any questions about diseases and injuries to bones, muscles, and joints.

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Knee and Hip Replacement Surgery

Living with a worn or injured knee or hip can be painful and frustrating.  You may find yourself doing less and less.  Over time, even simple things, such as walking through the grocery store or getting up from a chair, may cause you pain.  But you don't have to live this way.  The physicians at Lundholm Surgical Group can help!

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Knee Replacement

Benefits:

After a knee replacement, you can look forward to moving more easily.  Most people gain all of the benefits below.  Knee replacement surgery almost always:

  1. Stops or greatly reduces joint pain. Even the pain from surgery should go away within weeks.
  2. Increase leg strength. Without knee pain, you'll be able to use your legs more. This will build up your muscles.
  3. Improves quality of life by allowing you to do daily tasks and low-impact activities in greater comfort.
  4. Provides years of easier movement. Most knee replacement last for many years.

The Procedure:

When the surgical team is ready, you'll be taken to the operating room.  There you'll be given anesthesia.  The anesthesia will help you sleep through surgery, or it will make you numb from the waist down.  Then an incision is made on the front or side of your knee.  Any damaged bone is cleaned away, and the prosthesis is put into place.  The skin incision is closed with staples, stitches, or skin glue.

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Knee Problems

Patella Pain - Pain in the front of the knee is often caused by a problem with the patella (kneecap).

Common Problems:

Cartilage Damage - Sometime the cartilage on the back on the kneecap or in the groove of the thighbone is damaged.  Damaged cartilage can't spread pressure evenly.  Uneven pressure wears down the cartilage even further.  This often leads to pain and stiffness.  And, since cartilage has little blood supply, it has a limited ability to heal.

Dislocation - Sometimes a muscle of ligament in the knee is pulled the wrong way.  Or the kneecap may be pushed too hard.  Then the kneecap may move partly out of the groove.  It may even move completely out.  This can happen without warning.  You may feel sudden, sharp pain or your knee may "give out."

Patellar Tendonitis - Patellar tendonitis ("jumper's knee") occurs when the quadriceps muscles are overused or tight.  During movement, the patellar tendon absorbs more shock than usual.  The tendon becomes irritated or damaged.  This results in pain during motion or even when you're resting.

Plica Band Syndrome - Plica bands are tissue fibers that some people have near the kneecap.  They usually cause no problems.  But sometimes they can become irritated and inflamed.  They may snap or catch on the end of the thighbone.  This can cause wear and tear on the cartilage at the end of the bone.

Planning your treatment:

Your treatment plan depends on the cause of your kneecap problem.  Your plan is designed to fit your goals and activity level.  The most common treatment for kneecap pain is non-surgical.  This includes rehabilitation and taking anti-inflammatories, such as aspirin or ibuprofen.  Your rehab may be guided by a physical therapist.  Surgery may help if your knee problem is severe or if rehab doesn't improve it.  Your doctor will discuss the risks and complications of surgery with you.  After healing from surgery, you'll start a new rehab program.

Meniscus Tears - The meniscus is a C-shaped pad of rubbery cartilage inside the knee joint.  It's often compared to a shock absorber because it helps cushion and stabilize the knee during movement.  Although the meniscus is tough, it may tear when placed under too much stress.  Fortunately, meniscus tears can be treated with surgery and rehabilitation.  This means you can usually return to sports and other activities. 

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Hip Replacement

Benefits:

After a total hip replacement, you can look forward to moving more easily.  Most people gain all of the benefits below.  Total hip replacement surgery almost always:

  1. Stops or greatly reduces hip pain.  Even the pain from surgery should go away within weeks.
  2. Increase leg strength.  Without hip pain, you'll be able to use your legs more. This will build up your muscles.
  3. Improves quality of life by allowing you to do daily tasks and low-impacted activities in greater comfort.
  4. Provides years of easier movement.  Most total hip replacement many years.

The Procedure:

When the surgical team is ready, you'll be taken to the operating room.  There you'll be given anesthesia.  The anesthesia will help you sleep through surgery, or it will make you numb from the waist down.  Then an incision is made, giving the surgeon access to your hip joint.  The damaged ball is removed, and the socket is prepared to hold the prosthesis.  After the new joint is in place, the incision is closed with staples, stitches, or skin glue.

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